Volume 49 supplement 12 (2004)


IRSH 49 supplement

Popular Intellectuals and Social Movements: Framing Protest in Asia, Africa, and Latin America

All forms of popular protest include a specific category of women and men who reflect on social reality: "popular intellectuals", who speak in the name of popular classes and who articulate ideas that inspire collective action. This volume focuses on these individuals from an original angle: it looks at the experiences of popular intellectuals in non-western societies, who operate within social-movement networks that link local, regional, and international arenas, and connect to a global flow of ideas. Eight case studies on different societies in twentieth-century Asia, Africa, and Latin America highlight specific activist intellectuals and their role in collective action. They cover a wide terrain, including framing contests among Muslim activists, cultural brokerage in an ecological movement, transnational diffusion of action repertoires, debates between intellectuals in a Latin American indigenous movement, the role of "popular publics" in informal urban settings, and the different activist careers of western-educated and autodidact intellectuals in an African region. This collection provides fresh insight in the cultural dynamics of social contention, and widens the geographic scope of current debates on this theme.

Michiel Baud and Rosanne Rutten, Introduction

Sean Chabot, Framing, Transnational Diffusion, and African-American Intellectuals in the Land of Gandhi [summary]

Marc Becker, Indigenous Communists and Urban Intellectuals in Cayambe, Ecuador (1926-1944) [summary]

Oskar Verkaaik, Reforming Mysticism: Sindhi Separatist Intellectuals in Pakistan [summary]

Baz Lecocq, Unemployed Intellectuals in the Sahara: The Teshumara Nationalist Movement and the Revolutions in Tuareg Society [summary]

Joanne Rappaport, Between Sovereignty and Culture: Who is an Indigenous Intellectual in Colombia? [summary]

Pablo S. Bose, Critics and Experts, Activists and Academics: Intellectuals in the Fight for Social and Ecological Justice in the Narmada Valley, India [summary]

Quintan Wiktorowicz, Framing Jihad: Intra-Movement Framing Contests and al-Qaeda's Struggle for Sacred Authority [summary]

David Smilde, Popular Publics: Street Protest and Plaza Preachers in Caracas [summary]

Rosanne Rutten and Michiel Baud, Concluding Remarks: Framing Protest in Asia, Africa, and Latin America [summary]