Occasio: Links to Related Websites

Occasio Participants | Archiving the Internet | The Internet | Newsgroups and Mailing Lists | History of the Internet and Computing | Censorship, Free Speech, Privacy | Copyright And Fair Use | Digital Preservation | Description formats | Electronic journals | Software

Occasio Participants

Antenna Foundation
Tjebbe van Tijen Projects
Association for Progressive Communications (APC)

Archiving the Internet

20 Year Archive now Available on Google Groups
Google has fully integrated the past 20 years of Usenet archives into Google Groups, which now offers access to more than 800 million messages dating back to 1981. This is by far the most complete collection of Usenet articles ever assembled and a fascinating first-hand historical account.

Alle Macht den Archivaren!
German article by Ernst Corinth, 30.10.2001 ("Net archives make access possible to forbidden, blocked and deleted Websites")

In 2000, the Documentation Centre for Dutch Political Parties (Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse politieke partijen; DNPP) and the Groningen University Library launched a joint project to collect and store the websites of political parties in the Netherlands. The project is funded by the SURF Foundation and the University of Groningen.

CRL, Four U.S. Universities to Undertake Political Web Archiving Investigation.
"Within the past decade the World Wide Web has emerged as a vital medium of political communication. It now serves political activists, parties, popular fronts, and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as a global message board through which to communicate with constituents and the world community. The Web provides a widely accessible and relatively unrestricted medium for rapid broadcast of information and public posting of critical documents such as manifestoes, constitutions, declarations, and treaties. Two notable examples of political Web communications are an on-line manifesto of the Liberation Army of the Free Papua Movement in Indonesia (http://www.eco-action.org/opm/); and the declaration of the state of Cabinda's independence from Angola by the territory's government in exile (http://www.cabinda.org/anglais.htm)" (From the message posted to H-Net Announcements).

e-Depot en digitale duurzaamheid
e-Repository and digital sustainability: information on digital preservation projects, including web archiving, by the Dutch Royal Library (Koninklijke Bibliotheek).

International Internet Preservation Consortium
A very important initiative to preserve Internet content for future generations formed by Brewster Kahle's Internet Archive, the Library of Congress, the British Library and the national libraries of Australia, and several European countries.

The Internet Archive
Brewster Kahle's project homepage. Read more about it in How the Wayback Machine Works, an article by Richard Koman, 01/21/2002.

Internet et mouvements sociaux: nouvelles pratiques militantes, nouvelles sources pour l’histoire. Matériaux pour l'histoire de notre temps Issue 79 - Juillet-Septembre 2005. TOC.

Pandora Archive
Australia's Web Archive is a growing collection of Australian online publications, established initially by the National Library of Australia in 1996, and now built in collaboration with nine other Australian libraries and cultural collecting organisations

Svenska webbsidor - Kulturarw3
The Swedish web archive. A project of Kungliga biblioteket, the Royal Library, the National Library of Sweden.

The Internet


Internet Assigned Numbers Authority.

IETF Home Page
The Internet Engineering Task Force is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.

Internet Society (ISOC)
All about the Internet.

World Wide Web Consortium
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.

Newsgroups and Mailing Lists

APC Nieuwsgroepen at Antenna

CataList, the official catalog of LISTSERV lists

H-Net Humanities & Social Sciences Online

A mailing list service for the UK Higher and Further Education communities.

Nettime Mailing Lists
Mailing lists for networked cultures, politics, and tactics: archives from 1995 onwards.


History of the Internet and Computing

Before the Web: the early development of History on-line
By Lynn H. Nelson, University of Kansas. For more online internet history articles go to Don Mabry's Historical Text Archive: Internet History.

Computer Museum History Center Home Page

Digital History
The site gives access to presentations about the field, interviews with scholars about topics related to digital history, reviews of online projects and tools which may be of use to digital historians, a clearinghouse of current events and news items, a bibliography of digital history resources, and more; from the department of History, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

The First Network Email
By Ray Tomlinson

Archive of Telnet Sites. Hytelnet was the first online, hypertext Internet directory, compiled in 1990. It is no longer being maintained and none of the links are active. The Hytelnet Archive shows the large number of telnet sites that were active before the World Wide Web came along. You can browse through the list of early sites which started sharing information online.

History of the Internet
Internet Society (ISOC): All About The Internet.

The website of the world's first-ever web server. A short history of the origins of the WWW, with links to original documents.

Le Mundaneum
"L' Internet de papier".

National Science Foundation NSF and the Birth of the Internet
A multimedia site.

Networking Glossary - Dictionary of Computer, Internet and Network Terms
From About.com.

Software History Center
Westport, CT.

UK National Archive for the History of Computing
At the University of Manchester. Detailed holdings information.

The Web Developer's Virtual Library: History of the Internet and the World Wide Web

WWW Virtual Library

Censorship, Free Speech, Privacy

EFFweb - The Electronic Frontier Foundation
A non-profit civil liberties organization.

Electronic Privacy Information Center

Global Internet Liberty Campaign (GILC) Homepage

Privacy International Home Page

Copyright And Fair Use

Creative Commons
A nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. [They] provide free licenses and other legal tools to mark creative work with the freedom the creator wants it to carry, so others can share, remix, use commercially, or any combination thereof.

Digital Preservation

Archiving Web Resources
Policy and guidelines for keeping records of web-based activity in the Commonwealth Government. From the National Archives of Australia.

Creative Archiving at Michigan & Leeds: Emulating the Old on the New. Emulation has been proposed as a digital preservation strategy that would enable obsolete systems to be run on future unknown systems, making it possible to retrieve, display and use digital documents with their original software

CEDARS project
Cedars began in April 1998 and ended in March 2002. Its broad objective was to explore digital preservation issues. These range through acquiring digital objects, their long-term retention, sufficient description, and eventual access.

Conservation OnLine
Full text library also has information on digital preservation.

Council on Library and Information Resources

Creating and Managing Digital Content
From the Canadian Heritage Information Network.

Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE
Builds digital collections and services while providing information and support to digital library developers worldwide.

Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC)
Established in 2001 to foster joint action to address the urgent challenges of securing the preservation of digital resources in the UK and to work with others internationally to secure their global digital memory and knowledge base.

e-Depot and digital preservation
The National Library of the Netherlands: preserving and providing long-term access to Dutch electronic publications.

ECPA Publicationlist
At the European Preservation Information Center (EPIC) from the European Commission on Preservation and Access (ECPA).

Electronic resource preservation and access network ERPANET
Funded by The European Commission this project will establish an expandable European Consortium, which will make viable and visible information, best practice and skills development in the area of digital preservation of cultural heritage and scientific objects.

IFLA Core Programme for Preservation and Conservation (PAC)
Universal Availability of Publications Core Programme (UAP)
Digital Libraries: Resources and Projects

Mass storage and long-term preservation
Digital Preservation: a time bomb for digital libraries. Online article by Margaret Hedstrom, University of Michigan (oct. 1995)

National Academy Press, LC21: A Digital Strategy for the Library of Congress (2000)

PADI: Preserving Access to Digital Information
A subject gateway to international digital preservation resources; from the National Library of Australia.

Paradigm Project
The major research libraries of the Universities of Oxford and Manchester explore the issues involved in preserving digital private papers.

Unesco Memory of the World Programme
Preserving Documentary Heritage. See E-Heritage.

Description formats, tools, standards

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

ISO Archiving Standards - Overview
by John Garrett, from the NASA website.

Matadata Encoding & Transmission Standard
The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library, expressed using the XML schema language of the World Wide Web Consortium. The standard is maintained in the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress, and is being developed as an initiative of the Digital Library Federation.

An online source for information about file formats used to store electronic records, and the software products that are required to create, render, or migrate these formats. From the National Archives of the UK webite.

W3C Resource Description Framework (RDF)

Electronic journals

D-Lib Magazine

First Monday
Peer-Reviewed Journal on the Internet

Historia & Informatica

Journal of Digital Information

The Journal of Electronic Publishing

Journal of the Association for History and Computing


A digital repository system that captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and redistributes digital research material. DSpace is freely available as open source software.

A general purpose repository service developed jointly by The University of Virginia Library and Cornell University. The Fedora project is devoted to the goal of providing open-source repository software that can serve as the foundation for many types of information management systems.

Open Source Initiative OSI
A non-profit corporation dedicated to managing and promoting the Open Source Definition "for the good of the community".